Se ha introducido una nueva edición del Premio de la Cooperación belga al Desarrollo. La convocatoria está abierta hasta el 31 de marzo 2011. Podrá leer en las bases si reúne las condiciones para participar.
This study examines the power relationships between the genders in decisions relating to sexual activity, procreation and the use of contraception. As is the case in many countries, the most important decisions in this regard are mainly taken by the men.
The study population in the present work is the large migrant community of weavers in Addis Ababa. Three hundred and seventeen households of married couples were selected. They were asked who assumed responsibility for decisions about contraception and the use of health facilities for the mothers (was it predominantly the man, predominantly the woman, or a shared responsibility). The determining factors that influence the decisions were also identified. In addition to descriptive statistics, statistical analysis was used via a multinomial logistic regression model. We learn, for instance, that decision-making about contraception and the use of health facilities for mothers is done by the man in 45% of cases, by the woman in 22% of cases, and by the couple together in 33% of cases. Regression analysis also showed, among other things, that the younger women have less chance of taking part in decisions relating to contraception, likewise women who already have a large number of children, women with low literacy and women with little access to the media. One conclusion is that education and an independent income are very important in giving women a strong negotiating position as regards family planning. This study shows how gender inequality can be eliminated and as such is entirely relevant to the central theme of the Prize “Social determinants of health”.
Report: Prof. N. Veraverbeke, Centre for Statistics, University of Hasselt, Belgium