Se ha introducido una nueva edición del Premio de la Cooperación belga al Desarrollo. La convocatoria está abierta hasta el 31 de marzo 2011. Podrá leer en las bases si reúne las condiciones para participar.
Quang Tri is one of the poorest provinces in Vietnam, where the consequences of the war (1965-1973) continue to be felt both socio-economically and in the areas of environment and health. Sustainable development is essential to achieving an improvement for the people who live there and for their environment. In that context, Dr Trinh Hai Le has analysed in his doctorate the way in which sustainable development in a region such as Quang Tri can be recorded and which are the decisive factors in effecting an improvement.
Based on the availability of data and in consultation with experts, Dr Trinh Hai Le selected 37 indicators that can be used as a benchmark for sustainable development in Quang Tri. For health, 8 factors are involved – the flooded area per capita, mortality under 5 years of age, malnutrition, the availability of good-quality water and medical facilities, sanitation, vaccination against childhood diseases, and the use of contraception. For environment he takes 8 of the 12 factors for which there are sufficient data – soil erosion, a population that lives on the coast, surface area of forest and farmland, the use of pesticides, air pollution, bacterial pollution of the surface water, and the presence of certain plant and animal species. A quantification of the environmental and health factors for both 2005 and 2000 showed that a general but limited improvement was observable in the area of health. In the environmental area, however, there was no change. In other words, sustainable development still has a long way to go in Quang Tri. A crucial factor in further preservation is to pay sufficient attention to the knowledge, attitude and practice of the local population with regard to sustainable development. The fact is that at present it appears that only 15% of the local population is aware of sustainable development. Increasing the awareness and involvement of the local population is crucial to achieving greater sustainable development in the Quang Tri region. It is a task for local, national and international stakeholders in the areas of policy and education.
Report: Dr. E. de Deckere, Port of Antwerp, Belgium